Identify Common Texas Wildflowers
More than 5,000 species of flowering plants are native to the Lone Star State. Many of these beautiful wildflowers can be seen blooming along Texas roadways. To help maintain more than 800,000 acres of highway right-of-way across the state, the Texas Department of Transportation buys and sows nearly 30,000 pounds of wildflower seed each year. In addition to making our highways look great, the flowers help reduce maintenance and labor costs by encouraging the growth of native species that need less mowing and care. The native grasses and flowers also help to conserve water!
Common Texas Wildflowers
Here are a few of the most common species found across our great state:
Winecup (Callirhoë involucrate)
This flower blooms from early spring into the summer and can be found in most areas of the state, except the west. The winecup grows in sandy soils in the open woods and scrublands.
Indian Blanket (Gaillardia pulchella)
Also known as a firewheel, this wildflower blooms from April to June across much of the state. The combination of red, orange, and yellow resemble bright woven fabric when seen in large groupings.
Bluebonnet (Lupinus texensis)
Our iconic state flower, the bluebonnet, begins blooming in early spring, but can be seen as early as January in some areas! There are six species of bluebonnets found in Texas, all of which are designated the state flower of Texas.
Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)
More than 19 varieties of sunflowers can be found in Texas. In fact, more than 20 percent of wildflowers are in the sunflower family! They can be seen from March through December in fields, vacant lots, and along roadsides statewide.
Verbena (Verbena spp.)
The verbena is among Texas’ most abundant wildflowers. It can be spotted primarily in the spring, but can bloom at other times of the year depending on rainfall.
Want to learn how to plant your own wildflowers? The Texas Department of Transportation offers some general guidelines.